Back operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery health information bupa uk

• discectomy is a procedure to remove the whole or part operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion of one of the discs between your vertebrae (the bones in your spine). Your surgeon may recommend this if the disc has become operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion damaged and is putting pressure on the surrounding nerves. This is sometimes called a herniated or ‘slipped’ disc.

• laminectomy involves removing a small part of the bone at operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion the back of your vertebra called the lamina. This helps to open up the centre of your spinal operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion column and relieve pressure on the nerve. Your surgeon may suggest this if you have spinal stenosis operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion (a condition in which the space inside your spine narrows)

This is a procedure to join two or more of operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion your vertebrae together using bone grafts, screws and rods.


It’s used to strengthen and stabilise your spine, and prevent painful movements. Your surgeon may recommend this along with decompression surgery if operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion you have a condition called spondylolisthesis (when one of your vertebrae slips out of place). They may also suggest spinal fusion for severe degenerative disc operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion disease (when the discs between the vertebrae in your spine gradually operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion become worn down). Spinal fusion is also a treatment option if you have operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion scoliosis (a condition in which your spine permanently bends to one operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion side).

Vertebroplasty involves an injection of glue-like bone cement into your vertebra to repair a compression operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion fracture (collapsed vertebra). This may be caused by conditions such as osteoporosis or operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion as the result of trauma. In a similar procedure, called kyphoplasty, your surgeon inserts a special balloon first to lift the operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion vertebra before injecting the cement.

Before going into hospital, it’s worth making some simple preparations for the first few operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion days back home after your surgery. You’ll be able to walk, but you may need to arrange for some help from operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion family or friends. Think about what help you might need with washing, dressing, cleaning and shopping, for instance. If you live alone, it would help to have someone come to stay with operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion you for the first few days after your surgery, if possible. You’ll also need to arrange to be picked up from operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion hospital as you won’t be able to drive for a while after your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery.

Some time before going into hospital for your surgery, you’re likely to be asked to go for a pre-operative assessment. This will involve a general health check to make sure operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion you’re fit for surgery. You may be asked to have some blood tests and operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion an ECG. If you smoke, your surgeon may ask you to stop well before your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery. This is because smoking increases your risk of getting a operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion chest or wound infection, and also delays bone healing.

If you’re having open surgery, you’ll probably be having a general anaesthetic, so you’ll be asked not to eat or drink anything for operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion about six hours before your operation. It’s important to follow the advice your anaesthetist or your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion hospital gives you. On the day

Once in hospital, you may be asked to wear compression stockings to help operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion prevent blood clots forming in the veins in your legs. You may need to have an injection of an anticlotting operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion medicine as well as or instead of wearing compression stockings.

Most of the time, these procedures are carried out by open surgery. This means your surgeon will need to make a cut operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion into your back to reach your spine. The surgery usually takes between one and three hours, depending on exactly what you’re having done. It’s usually carried out under general anaesthesia, which means you’ll be asleep during the procedure.

Once the anaesthetic has taken effect, your surgeon will usually turn you onto your front so operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion they can see your spine. Your surgeon is likely to use X-rays to find the affected area of your back. They’ll then make a cut in the skin and pull operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion aside the muscles so that they can reach the affected operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion area of your spine.

In spinal fusion, your surgeon will insert a bone graft (a small piece of bone) between two of your vertebrae (bones in your spine) to fuse them together. The graft may be from elsewhere on your own body, from donated bone, or it may be artificial (made out of a material similar to bone). Your surgeon may use plates, screws and rods to help keep your spine still while operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion the bones are fusing together. Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty

You may have these procedures under general anaesthesia (which means you’ll be asleep) or local anaesthesia (which will numb the area). You’ll need to lie face down on the operating table operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion and your surgeon will insert a needle into the affected operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion area of your back. They’ll use an X-ray to show them where to go. Your surgeon will then inject a special type of cement operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion into the broken bone. If you’re having kyphoplasty, they’ll inject a special type of balloon first, which can be inflated to create a space for the operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion cement. Newer techniques

Doctors are developing new methods for back surgery that are operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion less invasive than the standard techniques. This might mean not needing such extensive surgery, or it could mean avoiding open surgery altogether. New procedures that are being tested include the following.

As these are fairly new procedures, only some surgeons with specific training and expertise will be operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion able to do them. Newer techniques such as these need a lot of testing operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion and monitoring to see how well they work, before they can become common practice.

The exact time it takes to fully recover from your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery depends on the type of surgery you’ve had. It also varies widely from person to person. For standard decompression surgery, you would normally expect to be free from pain and operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion able to do gentle exercise by 6 weeks. You should be able to do most of your normal operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion activities within 12 weeks of your operation.

Once you’re home, it’ll help your recovery to keep to a normal daily operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion routine of getting up and dressed at the usual time operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion each day. Try to move around the house and eat and drink operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion as normal. It’s important to build up your activities gradually but if operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion you feel tired, stop and rest. You’ll need family and friends to help you with the operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion practical tasks you’ll find difficult for a while such as cooking, cleaning and shopping. Pain relief

In the first week or two after open surgery on operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion your back, you may still need some pain relief. You can take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion medicine and if you have any questions, ask your pharmacist for advice. Looking after your wound

If you’ve had open surgery on your back, you’ll have a dressing over your wound. You’ll need to wash carefully around this, so that the dressing doesn’t get wet. If you’ve had stitches or staples, these will need to be removed about 10 days after operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery. You’ll be able to bath and shower as normal once operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion they’ve been removed. You’ll have a small scar on your backbone after the operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion operation. Keeping active

It’s important to keep moving after open surgery. Your physiotherapist will show you exercises to do while you operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion recover. These will help you get back your strength and movement operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion and avoid stiffness. It’s important to follow your physiotherapist’s advice.

Your surgeon may ask you to restrict certain activities and operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion movements for a period after your surgery. For instance, they may advise you to avoid heavy lifting, awkward twisting or bending forward for up to four weeks. They may also recommend that you don’t sit or stand in one position for too long.

Aim to build up the amount of exercise you can operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion do, starting off with light exercise and gradually getting back to operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion your normal activities. For more information on playing sports after back surgery, see our FAQ: sports after back surgery. Driving

You may be able to start driving again for short operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion periods of time about six weeks after open surgery on operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion your back. However, you shouldn’t drive until you can safely control your vehicle, including doing an emergency stop. Don’t drive if your painkillers make you drowsy. Tell your motor insurance company about your operation and check operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion what your policy says about driving after surgery. Time off work

Time off work depends on the type of surgery you’ve had and what your job involves. Most people can return to work about four to six operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion weeks after open back surgery. If your job involves driving, heavy lifting or other strenuous activity, you may need 12 weeks off. Ask your surgeon or occupational health team what’s best in your circumstances. Emotional effects

Having an operation can take a lot out of you, so you may feel tired and a little upset or operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion emotional after your surgery. Don’t worry, this is completely normal and many people experience the same operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion reaction. Having company and getting back to work as soon as operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion you’re able to, should help.

Complications are when problems occur during or after your operation. All surgical procedures come with some risks, but how these risks apply to you will be different operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion from how they apply to others. Ask your surgeon about the chances of complications in your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion circumstances.

Some complications can happen after any major operation. For example, it’s common to develop a chest infection, especially if you smoke, or an infection in your wound. There’s also always a chance you might get a blood operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion clot, usually in a vein in the leg ( deep vein thrombosis, DVT). Your surgeon will aim to keep your chance of developing operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion these complications as low as possible.

• infection of your wound or, rarely, the tissues around your spine. If you get an infection this can be treated with operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion antibiotics. Contact your GP if you have increasing pain, redness, tenderness or swelling around your wound or if you get operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion a high temperature.

• damage to the nerves, blood vessels or other tissues at the site of your operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery. Tearing of the membrane covering your spine. The watery fluid that surrounds your spinal nerves (cerebrospinal fluid, CSF) can leak out. Your surgeon will mend the tear if they see it operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion during surgery. Sometimes this tear causes headaches afterwards but these usually improve operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion with time.

If you have concerns about possible complications of your back operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion surgery, discuss these with your surgeon. You should also contact the hospital if you have a operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion high temperature, ongoing or worsening pain, numbness or muscle weakness which is new to you, or problems passing urine.

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