Corruption causes and solutions soapboxie dolor lumbar cronico

Corruption can mean different things for different people. In short, corruption means the practice of obtaining power, influence, or other personal gains through illegitimate means, often at others’ expense. Corruption is an unconscionable advantage, profit or gain of injustice through the abuse of authority and power dolor lumbar izquierdo (Ubani 2016). Ubani went further and stated, “however, corruption anywhere does not exist in a vacuum”.

Corruption exists in any institution where legitimate means of getting ahead are circumvented by allowing individuals to enhance their personal power with money or favors. As a result, it becomes harder or impossible for others to operate above board.

In the world of sports, corruption is observed. Doping of athletes is not a new story. In a television program by Aljazeera TV channel on June 9, 2018, it was stated that 3,000 athletes test positive for doping every year. In the year 1994, Diego Maradona tested positive for doping in the FIFA 1994 World Cup in the United States of America.

Russian athletes are known to be involved in doping radiografia de columna lumbar ap y lateral on many occasions. In the report by a whistle blower on Aljazeera, the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) is corrupt on their own. When athletes tested positive, they still manoeuvre their way and allow them take part in important competitions. Russian doping scandal led to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) banning Russia from competing as a team at the 2018 Winter Olympics (Lee Wellings 2017).

Why is corruption bad? If the proper channels to power and influence (working hard, not breaking the law, doing well on university exams, running a persuasive political campaign, etc.) are closed off, only those with money and connections will be able to succeed. Those who can neither afford bribes nor know who to call to get jobs for their children are out of luck. In short, corruption only benefits those who already have power, money, and influence.

However, many African nations have been taken to task in recent years for widespread corruption. For example, a 2011 Gallup poll in Nigeria found that 94% of Nigerians think corruption is widespread in the government. What a shameful problem.

In January 2017, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, the son of Equatorial Guinea’s president was on trial for corruption in France, accused of buying palatial Parisian properties and exotic cars with escoliosis lumbar leve money plundered from his native country. The worth of the assets is put at $105 million.

Transparency International published article on the case in July 2017. Part of the lines stated "The trial of Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, the son of the president of Equatorial Guinea, wrapped up this week in Paris. A verdict is expected at a later date. Witnesses testified about the challenging conditions facing citizens of Equatorial Guinea, as well as the need for France to stop itself becoming a haven for stolen assets dolor lumbar lado derecho."

Zimbabwe is an Africa country where corruption is one of the benefactors for a long time. Corruption in this country is experienced in many sectors, both in private and public offices. In politics, corruption is “heavy swimming” as average politicians cannot do without indulging in one corrupt practice to another before they win in any election. In fact, the less connected citizens of Zimbabwe are the one that suffers as wealth which is to be evenly distributed are being utilized by the top politicians alone.

In 2013, about 77% of the citizens of Zimbabwe said that corruption was very serious in the country (Transparency International, 2013). The corruption level in the country made the country the country the 9th most corrupt country in the year 2013. As if the estimate was not enough, 92% of the surveyed citizens of the country lamented that the police force of the country is corrupt.

What are the causes of corruption? People do not indulge in corrupt practice because they like doing so; rather, it is often their only option. To an extent, the causes of corruption vary from place to place. The causes of corruption in a closed dolor lumbar izquierdo cadera dictatorship like North Korea may not be the same in a large democracy like Kenya. But there are still some general causes:

• Poverty: Poverty not only encourages corruption but corrupt public institutions, in turn, exacerbate poverty. It is not a good thing at all. The poor engage in corrupt practices out of desperation, but the only people who benefit in the long run are those already in power. It’s no coincidence that the most corrupt countries often have the poorest citizens, or are otherwise ravished by war and violence. 80% of Africans live on less than $2 a day. In 2010, the United Nations radiografia de columna lumbar normal estimated that 239 million people in sub-Saharan Africa were undernourished. When the poor do not have what they will eat, they are forced to make money through cut-corners which are corrupt. The countries at the bottom of the corruption rankings, mostly in northern Europe, are among the wealthiest in the world. While it is difficult to say whether poverty causes corruption or corruption causes poverty, there is no question that the two are linked.

• Illiteracy and Poor Education: Similar to poverty, the most corrupt countries are often those with low rates of adult literacy. Literacy can prevent corruption in a number of ways. First, those who can read well are more likely to read newspapers and online media, and therefore be able to critically evaluate their own public institutions and politicians. Corruption feeds off ignorance. Second, basic education makes people more likely to find stable careers, and therefore they escoliosis dextroconvexa are less desperate. Again, while it’s hard to say whether illiteracy causes corruption, or whether literacy can stop corruption, the table below illustrates that the countries with low literacy rates are higher up in the corruption ranking than those with high literacy rates.

• Greed: Greediness is impossible to tabulate, but it is undoubtedly an important cause of corruption. Corruption continues to exist because the people with the most in a society are not content with what they have. The more they have, the more they want to acquire. In corrupt societies, politics is an avenue for greed as leaders use their positions to embezzle vast amounts of public funds meant for the public good.

• Weak Governments: In corrupt societies, governments are unable or unwilling to stop corruption. They lack strong-willed or impartial anti-corruption agencies, and such agencies can easily be swallowed into corruption themselves. When such agencies are honest, their work is slow. In the worst cases, leaders staff anti-corruption agencies with their friends. The impotence of governments in the face of corruption is mimicked in the private sector. Corrupt dolor lumbar bajo business practices continue because executives are often the beneficiaries of those practices. A government which is weak cannot fight corruption because he will not in any way be propelled to take good action.

• Drug Trafficking: Drug use is often practiced by disaffected youth, who in turn create demand for a drug market that fuels corruption. In countries like the United States, hard drugs are commonly associated with crime among delinquent youths. The country’s demand for drugs has allowed cartels in Mexico and Central America to flourish, and the Mexican government is frequently held hostage by the will of powerful drug gangs running supplies into the United States and elsewhere.

• Employment Creation: The government and powerful individuals should work together to create jobs for the masses. Those countries that lack technological development should invite other countries and private companies causas del dolor lumbar parte baja espalda to help them build their technological infrastructure. When the dolor lumbar cie 10 masses make money and learn skills as employees of those companies, they can start their own businesses. This will, in turn, create more jobs for the citizens of the country. Governments should encourage skill acquisition programs and employment seminars. The people that gain those skills will develop their own businesses with time and start employing others. Within companies, mentorship programs can ensure that skills and knowledge are passed on to younger employees.

• Pay Public Employees a Living Wage: It may seem counter-intuitive to pay corrupt employees more, but if police officers and low-level bureaucrats make enough money by working, they won’t feel the need to take bribes. In Nigeria, policemen are considered to be the most corrupt institution in the country, according to the 2003 Nigeria Corruption Survey Study. In eight of the nine most corrupt nations in 2013, more than 80% of residents considered the police to be corrupt. Public employees should also undergo anti-corruption training and education, emphasizing the negative effects of corruption.

• Surveillance: Electronic monitors, computer programs, and other technologies can monitor corruption in government and businesses estenosis lumbar. In corrupt countries, the use of technology can be preferable to relying on anti-corruption agencies staffed with friends of corrupt governments. The installation of these technologies should be done secretly, without the companies’ awareness, or in a way that makes them impossible to be tampered with.

• Anti-Corruption Bodies: Each country should have anti-corruption initiatives. At the same time, there should be an international body monitoring corruption around the world without the need to answer to the rich and powerful within corrupt societies. The problem with some anti-corruption bodies is that many of them do not carry out their functions well. Many of them are too weak. Any country with the strong anti-corruption body will win the war against corruption, and international cooperation can enhance domestic efforts.

• Curbing Drug Intake: Reducing the corruption that results from the drug trade involves the efforts of both the government and its people. The drug trade relies on the demand for hard drugs. Seminars should be held on a regular basis where people will be taught the negative impact of hard drugs. Governments should also sponsor television programs where doctors who have good teaching skills will highlight the disadvantages hernia de disco lumbar sintomas of hard drugs. In institutions of higher learning, a course on drug use should be integrated into the curriculum. This will help reduce corrupt practices to some extent.