Dr. randall friese for state house escoliosis izquierda

On Monday February 11th we will be beginning our 5th week of the first regular session and we have only voted out a handful of bills. Monday is also the final day to introduce a bill in the House. We already have over 650 bills to consider, but more will be coming in on Monday. We might be in for a long ejercicios hernia discal lumbar session.

For about 10 years now Arizona has been paying its education bills late. The reason for this is to balance the books at the end of the fiscal year, pretty much a budgeting gimmick. This is how the gimmick works, during the recession in order to shift the cost of one month of K-12 funding from one fiscal year to the next Arizona pushed its June payment hernia lumbar ejercicios prohibidos to schools into July (paid the bills one month late).

The state used this gimmick three times, at the end of three separate fiscal years, over the last 10 years (mostly the first few years of the great recession). This resulted in the state being behind by $930 million dollars to our public schools.

Now that we have a robust projected budget surplus for fiscal year 2020 the legislature is considering paying down this rollover debt. The projected surplus is around $1.1 billion. The legislature is proposing to pay down one third of the rollover debt to schools ($310 million) each year for the next three years.

On the surface this may sound good. The state should pay down its debt. But when you look closely and dig into the details, you radiografia de columna lumbar ap y lateral’ll find that, right now, paying down the rollover is not the most useful option for our schools, In order to understand why you need to consider three important factors.

Many school districts dealt with the late payments by taking out short term operacion de columna lumbar recuperacion loans or warrants which need to be repaid. Others shifted money from other funding sources that need to be replenished. Most districts used a combination of both methods to deal with the late payments.

School districts are not only appropriated the money to fund the school year through the funding formula, they also are bound by expenditure limitations. These limitations restrict the amount of education formula money they can spend in one fiscal year.

Before deciding to pay down the rollover, we must also consider the effects of the massive cuts to our schools since the recession. Last year was the first time we reinvested in our schools in a meaningful way, but the bulk of those escoliosis levoconvexa funds were dedicated to well-deserved teacher raises. There are many other problems that remain unaddressed.

One possibility is to accelerate the District Additional Assistance (DAA) and Charter Additional Assistance (CAA) funding restoration plan already in place. DAA and CAA are funds sent to districts and charter schools outside of/in addition to the education formula funds. These additional assistance funds are intended to fund classroom needs including but not limited to salaries, supplies, books, computers, software needs, and equipment.

You may recall one of the first things Governor Ducey did when first elected in 2014 was to cut DAA by 85% and CAA by 15%. Last year Mr. Ducey proposed a plan to restore both DAA and CAA over 5 years. This year his plan calls hernia discal lumbar tratamiento fisioterapia for restoring another $67 million to additional assistance funds.

In other words, commit to a cash infusion directly into the classroom by accelerating the DAA and CAA restoration each of the next three years. My plan would require a lower rollover pay-down each year and extend the payoff to over four years instead of the three years as the present proposal by the republican majority does.

STOs are the middle-man organizations that receive monetary donations from individuals and corporations to create ‘scholarships’ for students to attend private school. These individuals and corporations receive dollar for dollar tax credits for their donations. Meaning for every dollar donated to an STO estenosis lumbar an individual or corporation pays one dollar less in Arizona state income tax. Essentially, this creates a mechanism to use public tax money to pay for private school tuition.

Before I get into more details you should know that there are four ways to donate to an STO and get a tax credit – through the individual, switcher, corporate, and Lexie’s law mechanisms. Individuals can donate up to $555 per person or $1,100 per married couple annually. Switcher donations are essentially a doubling of the individual donations ($2,200 per married couple). When one contributes hernia lumbar to a student in the year that they ‘switch’ from public to private school, then one can contribute an individual amount twice (an individual donation and a switcher donation). A switcher donation can be accessed not just for the year the student switched to private school but also every year thereafter. In fact, the switcher donation mechanism is the fastest growing pot of STO money.

Although there is a cap on the amount that each individual or married dolor lumbar derecho tratamiento couple can contribute to an STO, there is no cap on the total aggregate amount of scholarship money that the individual or switcher mechanisms can generate. Recently, these mechanisms have generated about $100-110 million in private school scholarships each year.

There is no cap on what an individual corporation can give to a STO, but there is an aggregate cap on the total amount of scholarship money generated annually by the corporate mechanism. This cap is around $65 million this year. It is extremely important to note that this cap increases by 20% every year. So next year the corporate STO cap will be around $78 million. The Lexie’s Law STO mechanism is limited to $5 million annually and is for disabled children.

STOs were created in the late 90’s to make escoliosis lumbar leve private school more affordable for students of financially disadvantaged families. Again, an idea that sounds good, until you take a closer look. Most dolor lumbar derecho y pierna financially disadvantaged families don’t have the cash flow one would need to utilize this tax credit. Consider this, in order to divert tax dollars to a $1,100 STO scholarship (which is the maximum that a married couple can give), one must first have $1,100 cash available to donate to the STO. Then after filing a tax return one would get the $1,100 back as a tax refund.

The program assumes that anonymous donations would be made, not donations intended for specific students. In fact, the statute indicates that STOs should not base the decision to award a scholarship ‘solely’ on a donor recommendation. But most commonly donations are made recommending a specific student. Statutes do prohibit a parent from naming their child as the recipient, but many people get around this prohibition.

Even though STO scholarships were created to increase private school hernia discal lumbar options for poor families, when you look closely at the STO recipients the majority (2/3 or more) are students from families above 185% of the federal poverty level. That means only around one third are from financially disadvantaged families.

Every year that I have served in the State House hernia de disco lumbar tratamiento I have introduced bills to reform the STO programs since they are not achieving their stated goals. These bills do not eliminate the STOs and these scholarship programs, they are designed to redirect the program toward its original goals.

1. Decrease the administration fees collected by the STO to 5% of monies collected. Currently that amount is 10% of monies collected which is around $10-11 million dollars annually. Since STOs were created the total amount of public dollars diverted to private schools is around $1 billion. The total amount of administration fees that our hernia de disco lumbar sintomas tax dollars have paid is in excess of $100 million.

2. Ensure that theses scholarships are means tested and go mostly to poor families (as they were originally intended). I believe that a scholarship should be needs or merit based. One of my bills will ensure that 2/3 of the scholarships go to families below federal poverty level which is $25,100 for a family of 4 (not below 185% of the federal poverty level – which can be as high as an annual salary of $70,000). That leaves 1/3 of these scholarships available to any family based on scholarly merits.