Il giornale di chirurgia – vol. xxxix (no. 2) abstract dolor lumbar agudo

Methods. We looked into Social media platforms and search engines. There was not a direct patient recruitment and any available information from patients was already on public domain at the time of search. A quantitative analysis of types and volumes of information regarding faecal incontinence was made.

Results. Twelve valid pages were identified on Facebook: 5 (41%) pages were advertising commercial incontinence products, 4 (33%) pages were dedicated to patients support groups and 3 (25%) pages provided healthcare information. Also we found 192 Facebook posts. On Twitter, 2890 tweets were found of which 51% tweets provided healthcare information; 675 (45%) were sent by healthcare professionals to patients, 530 tweets (35.3%) were between healthcare professionals, 201 tweets (13.4%) were from medical journals or scientific books and 103 tweets (7%) were from hospitals or clinics with information about events and meetings. The second commonest type of tweets was advertising commercial incontinence products 27%.

Conclusion. Internet appears to have potential to be a useful platform for patients to learn about faecal incontinence and share information; however, given one lack of focus of available data, patients may struggle to identify valid and useful information

Introduction. Synchronous colon and gastric cancer is a rare clinical entity. In the present case, it is aimed to show that in a patient with synchronous colon and gastric cancer, laparoscopic resection can be safely performed and both specimens can be delivered through a natural orifice. In our knowledge, this is the first example showing the delivery of the gastric resection specimen through the anus in a human being.

Case report. Sixty-six years old male patient with an upper gastrointestinal bleeding and obstruction symptoms was admitted to our department and the evaluation revealed an advanced stage gastric and a synchronous colon cancer. A laparoscopic palliative subtotal gastrectomy with a subtotal colectomy was performed. All anastomoses were performed intracorporeally and colectomy and subtotal gastrectomy specimens were successfully delivered via trans-anal route without any difficulty. Despite major abdominal organ resections, the patients required quite less analgesics in the postoperative period.

Discussion. Specimen extraction through the natural orifices eliminates the need and problems of performing additional abdominal incisions to the patients which also leads to reduced postoperative pain. Synchronous surgical procedures do not prevent the natural orifice surgery.

Aim. In the last years with the increase of bariatric surgery, first of all as a result of new indications, a rise in the incidence of nutrient-related complications has been observed. Currently little is known about the impact of post-bariatric malnutrition and neurological complications.

Wernicke’s encephalopathy is a severe neurological syndrome which occurs as a result of thiamine deficiency. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome must be considered a serious neurological complication of bariatric surgery with significant morbidity and mortality, with rapidly progressing neurological symptoms, and must be treated immediately.

Case report. We report the case of a 35 years-old male patient, affected by morbid obesity, anxious-depressive syndrome and alcohol use disorder, who after adjustable gastric banding implanted in another hospital developed a severe malnutrition and neurological syndrome.

Our experience emphasizes that preoperative selection and assessment of a patient’s nutritional status according to guidelines, is required to identify potential problems, and that bariatric surgeons or physicians caring for patient who have undergone bariatric surgery should be familiar with the constellation of nutritional and neurological disorder that may occur after surgery.

Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory disease, most commonly found in the urinary tract. It appears be related to a functional deficiency of macrophages, resulting in an inability to destroy digested bacteria and it is associated with various conditions that cause immunodeficiency.

A rare case of malakoplakia of the colon in a healthy 68-year old male is presented. The patient underwent emergency surgery with colon resection and an end stoma with closure of the distal bowel (Hartmann’s procedure), due to incarcerated ventral hernia and sigmoid-colon rupture. He underwent reversal of the Hartmann’s procedure four months after the initial operation.

The histological examination from the anastomotic rings revealed Michaelis–Gutmann bodies that are pathognomonic of malakoplakia. He received per os ciprofloxacin, bethanecol and ascorbic acid for 12 months. Follow-up endoscopy did not exhibit any signs

of the disease. A case of a healthy patient presenting with malakoplakia without any underlying disease that causes immunodeficiency is extremely rare. Treatment of malakoplakia involves the eradication of microorganisms. Cholinergic agonists, such as bethanechol and ascorbic acid, as well as antimicrobial treatment with trimpethoprim/sulphamethoxazol and rifampicin are most commonly being used. Long-term antimicrobial treatment has been reported (6 months to 3 years).