Management escoliosis izquierda of mass hysteria

Mass hysteria / mass psychogenic hysteria/conversion disorder is a condition in which a person has escoliosis izquierda physiological symptoms affecting the nervous system in the absence of escoliosis izquierda a physical cause of illness, and which may appear in reaction to psychological distress. Kerckhoff and back suggest that there are collective human behaviors escoliosis izquierda which produce different kinds of activities and phenomena. These include crowd or mob behaviors, panics, movements, crazes and fads. These types of behaviors often occur under stress or when escoliosis izquierda the ordered reality of a culture or group is disrupted.

The history of hysteria. Mass hysteria illnesses have been found throughout history hippocrates, circa 400 BC introduced the term “hysteria” meaning illness caused by a wondering womb. Symptoms included convulsions, twitching, muscle spasms, abdominal cramps ,nausea, and headaches in unmarried greek women. Symptoms typically spread quickly to other women in the vicinity escoliosis izquierda of the victim . In psychology,until 1980 hysteria was a formally studied psychological disorder that escoliosis izquierda could be found in the american psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Today, when we say someone is hysterical, we mean that they are frenzied, frantic, or out of control.

In 2001, the capital was struck by the horror of ‘monkey man’. People reported seeing a half man-half monkey like creature roaming the streets of new delhi, attacking people. Some described ‘monkey man’ as wearing a helmet, others claimed he had metal claws.While the so-called “attacks” didn’t kill anyone, a pregnant woman, who panicked and fell off the stairs, died. She was sleeping on her terrace in east delhi when escoliosis izquierda she heard her neighbours screaming, and ran out of fear of the ‘monkey man’.

In 2006, mumbai residents claimed that the water of the highly contaminated escoliosis izquierda mahim creek, had suddenly turned sweet. Hundreds flocked to mahim beach to taste the water, many began attributing the ‘miracle’ to a haji maqdoom baba, the sudden rush of people sent the authorities into a escoliosis izquierda tizzy, who feared an outbreak of disease from people consuming the escoliosis izquierda dirty creek water. People take dips in the sweet-tasting water in mumbai.

Mass hysteria among students of a government school in the escoliosis izquierda mountainous area of bani in jammu’s kathua district caused concern among the parents as well escoliosis izquierda as the authorities. About 35 students, mostly girls, started screaming and rolling on the ground without any apparent escoliosis izquierda reason after the morning prayers causing panic among the teachers. This incident happened on two consecutive days, june13 and 14, 2019. Sources, however, claimed that two students, who initially showed baffling behaviour, were academically poor and a class test was scheduled the escoliosis izquierda next day when they reported to start behaving strangely. The medical team examined the childen but found no health escoliosis izquierda problem with them.

* underlying psychological or physical stress. Individual stress from an unfamiliar environment or performance anxiety; social stress including war, rapid technological change, or epidemic diseases; and school and work related stress including the beginning of escoliosis izquierda the school year are common.

* unrelated symptoms among a group of individuals affected: hyperventilation or fainting ,dizziness, nausea and vomiting, headaches, chest pains, chills, eye or mouth stinging, flushing, hives, convulsions, stinging or paralysis in extremities, swollen and bloody lips, skin disorders, asthma attacks, and disorientation in time/space.

Mass psychogenic illnesses can be a great concern for students, parents,teachers and others working with students,if happen in school. The reason is the potential for long term effects resulting escoliosis izquierda from this type of event. If no physical or chemical etiology for the illness can escoliosis izquierda be found and if episodes reoccur, the illness remains a mystery. This unsolved mystery can lead to anxiety, fear, spread of rumor and even possible litigation.

When confronted with this type of illness, calm responsive leadership from staff is essential for monitoring the escoliosis izquierda situation. Protocols for contacting emergency personnel need to be implemented immediately, and as soon as possible those stricken should be separated escoliosis izquierda from those showing no symptoms of the illness. A precautionary evacuation of the area and relocation of members escoliosis izquierda of the group to comfortable areas can help avoid panic escoliosis izquierda reactions. It is important that staff be available, both on site where the illness occurred and in the escoliosis izquierda area where the group is relocated so that communication can escoliosis izquierda be maintained and rumors can be held to a minimum. As the number of those stricken increases, facilities for transporting those who are feeling ill will be escoliosis izquierda severely stretched. If possible, those only moderately affected should be transported to the health escoliosis izquierda care facility using buses or other forms of public conveyance escoliosis izquierda which are quickly available. Those experiencing the most acute symptoms will require the attention escoliosis izquierda of counselors/psychologists.

In the days following the incident, questions will remain as to what caused of the illness, what safeguards are there to prevent a reoccurrence, and what assurances are there that the facility is now escoliosis izquierda safe. Answers to these questions when no physical cause is identified, as is the case in a mass psychogenic illness, must focus on building confidence that adequate should be taken. Inquiries can be expected from students, parents, and the media. The ease with which individuals with questions can receive a escoliosis izquierda reply from an appropriate school spokesperson can affect the level escoliosis izquierda of trust perceived in the answers given. It is appropriate that at the end of the professional escoliosis izquierda investigation of the incident, a report be issued to all interested parties. Because indeed the symptoms experienced by the victims were real, it is important to acknowledge that. Especially in cases of mass psychogenic illness, a coordinated staff response is essential for minimizing the disruption escoliosis izquierda to the student community.

No doubt, such cases are rare but can happen anytime in school, hence there is a great need of staff training for escoliosis izquierda coping with emergency situations. Staff training should emphasize the importance of good communication during escoliosis izquierda emergency situations and the importance of controlling rumors with accurate escoliosis izquierda information familiarity with the phenomena of mass psychogenic illness and escoliosis izquierda recognition of the symptomology and characteristics of this type of escoliosis izquierda event should be discussed in training so that staff can escoliosis izquierda anticipate those occasions when additional vigilance is appropriate. Adequate training and a plan for action in response to escoliosis izquierda mass psychogenic events can help in their overall resolution.

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