What is cutis laxa types, symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment radiografia dorsolumbar

Cutis Laxa (CL) is a rare disorder of connective tissue that affects only about 400 families worldwide, or 1 in every 2,000,000 babies. Connective tissue, also referred to as the extracellular matrix, provides the structural framework for many parts of the body, including skin, muscles, joints, blood vessels, and even internal organs. The most escoliosis tratamiento obvious symptom of cutis laxa is loose wrinkled skin, especially around the face, trunk, arms, and legs, which hangs in folds and causes an aged appearance. There are many different types of cutis laxa, including an acquired form as well as several different inherited forms. Since cutis laxa is caused by a defect or deficiency of the connective tissue, the skin symptoms are often also observed in conjunction with problems involving the respiratory, skeletal, intestinal, and cardiovascular herniated lumbar disc sleeping position systems.


The involvement of which, if any, additional body systems depends on the type of CL and/or the genetic cause.

Cutis laxa (CL) is inherited in many different ways, depending on the type of cutis laxa. There are autosomal dominant (AD), autosomal recessive (AR), and X-linked recessive (XLR) forms of inherited cutis laxa. Cutis laxa can also be acquired by an individual who does not have one of the inherited forms of CL. The cause of the acquired form of CL is unknown, but it typically affects older adults following a severe illness with fever and rash. These individuals may have incurred damage to their connective tissue from some environmental cause such as exposure to certain medications, infections, cancer treatments, or secondary to an autoimmune disease such as Lupus or Rheumatoid Arthritis. For more information visit our Genetic transmission page.

• ARCL1A escoliosis dorsolumbar tratamiento or FBLN5-Related Cutis Laxa is characterized by cutis laxa, hernias, and pulmonary involvement such as emphysema from a young age. However, there is a high degree of variability in onset age for these symptoms, even within the same family. ARCL1A is caused by mutations in the FBLN5 gene.

• ARCL1B or FBLN4 (EFEMP2)-related cutis laxa is characterized by cutis laxa and the involvement of other body symptoms, namely the cardiovascular system (arterial problems such as tortuosity, aneurysms and stenosis), skeletal system (loose joints, long thin fingers, hernias, and bone fragility), and some distinctive features involving the face and head (small chin, high-arched palate, and widely spaced eyes). ARCL1B can be extremely severe resulting in death soon after birth, or it can be limited to only the blood vessel and facial features noted above. ARCL1B is caused by mutations in the FBLN4 (EFEMP2) gene.

• ARCL1C or LTBP4-Related Cutis Laxa is characterized by cutis laxa, as well as severe pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and urinary problems. ARCL1C is also known radiografia dorsolumbar as Urban-Rifkin-Davis Syndrome (URDS). ARCL1C is caused by mutations in the LTBP4 gene.

• ARCL2A or ATP6V0A2-related cutis laxa is caused by mutations in the ATP6V0A2 gene. Individuals with this type of cutis laxa have wrinkly skin over the entire body, which typically improves with age. Other features in these children include an enlarged anterior fontanel, dislocation of the hips that is present at birth, hernias, and nearsightedness. Many individuals with this condition have severe developmental delay and seizures. Wrinkly Skin Syndrome, which dolor lumbar derecho rinon causes wrinkled skin, small head size, and mental retardation, as well as muscle and skeletal problems, is caused by mutations in the same ATP6V0A2 gene.

• ARCL2B or PYCR1-related cutis laxa is caused by mutations in the PYCR1 gene. Clinical features of this disease include cutis laxa leading to an aged appearance, growth delay, developmental delay, joint and skeletal problems, small head size, large forehead, triangular-shaped face, and large ears.

• ARCL3 or De Barsy syndrome has phenotypic overlap with ARCL2A and ARCL2B. It causes cutis laxa with growth retardation, moderate to severe rotoescoliosis lumbar izquierda mental retardation, cataracts, and loose joints. Other skin problems in addition to the cutis laxa contribute to an aged appearance. There are typically neither cardiovascular nor pulmonary symptoms. Some patients initially diagnosed with De Barsy syndrome were later found to have mutations in PYCR1 (ARCL2B), ATP6V0A2 (ARCL2A), or ALDH18A1.

OHS is rare, with fewer than 100 cases reported worldwide. Symptoms usually begin within the first decade of life, and include cutis laxa, skeletal problems (bony growths on the back of the skull, loose joints, and short stature), and pulmonary (lung), cardiovascular (heart), and gastrointestinal problems such as emphysema, aneurysms, and hernias. There can also be muscle weakness, and intelligence ranges from low normal to mild mental retardation. OHS escoliosis dorsolumbar is a disorder of copper metabolism caused by mutations (changes) in the ATP7A gene. Mutations in this gene prevent the body’s cells from obtaining enough copper, which is necessary for the proper function of enzymes within many cell types, including bone, skin, and hair, as well as cells that comprise blood vessels and the nervous system. OHS is considered a less severe form of Menkes Syndrome, which is also caused by mutations in the ATP7A gene. OHS has previously been referred to as Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type IX and X-linked Cutis Laxa. It has been called X-linked Cutis Laxa because the ATP7A gene is located on the X chromosome and inherited as an X-linked recessive (XLR) disease. For this reason, OHS typically affects only males.

Diagnosis of cutis laxa is typically made by physical examination of the skin by a physician such as a geneticist or dermatologist. The specific type of cutis laxa is determined by the associated features, family history information, and in some cases can be confirmed by genetic testing. However, some patients with or without a clinically identified cutis laxa gene escoliosis lumbar en adultos mutation may choose to enroll in Dr. Urban’s cutis laxa research study at the University of Pittsburgh.

After initial diagnosis, patients with cutis laxa typically receive cardiovascular and pulmonary evaluations, such as echocardiograms and lung function testing. Management of individuals with cutis laxa includes treatment of symptoms, such as surgical repair of hernias, medications such as beta-blockers may be considered to prevent growth of aortic aneurysms, and pulmonary emphysema is treated symptomatically. Regular cardiovascular and pulmonary follow-up should begin at birth or immediately after diagnosis. Environmental triggers such as cigarette smoking, which can worsen emphysema, and sun bathing, which can damage the skin, should be avoided, especially by patients with cutis laxa escoliosis lumbar dextroconvexa. Some individuals with cutis laxa may choose to undergo plastic surgery. Although the results from plastic surgery are typically very good, they may not be permanent, as the loose skin may reoccur.

ARTERYLASTIC derives from researches lead in Lyon (France) by Dr Romain Debret. Originating from the idea that if one can make prosthetics for a joint, maybe we could make prosthestics for a failing elastin, this project is funded by the French National Agency for Research. Selected in 2018, it will start in January 2019.

The project involves 3 laboratories from the Rhône-Alpes area: Laboratory for Tissue escoliosis dorsal dextroconvexa Biology and Therapeutic Engineering (National Center for Scientific Research, Lyon), Laboratory for Hypoxia and Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiopathologies (National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Grenoble), and Sainbiose Laboratory (National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Saint-Etienne).

The main aim of the project is to develop a synthetic elastic protein as medicine agent to improve or restore the vascular elasticity when it is failing in genetic disorders such as Cutis Laxa and Williams Syndrome, but also in non syndromic pathologies such as sleeping apneia.

The « DHERMIC » project, which preceded escoliosis tratamiento fisioterapeutico ARTERYLASTIC, already provided a wide set of solid data regarding the skin for the synthetic elastic protein. Recent preliminary results regarding the integration in blood vessels walls in fishes and mice are very promising.